LTSC – Assuring Compatibility Across Ed Tech Product Categories
An elected Sponsor Executive Committee (SEC) consisting of working group chairs and elected officers governs the LTSC. Members gain access to Working Group (WG), Study Group (SG), and Technical Advisory Group (TAG) documents and email reflectors; vote on draft standards; and participate in ballot resolutions.Individuals interested in participating are encouraged to contact the LTSC Chair or the relevant WG, SG and TAG Chairs. The LTSC currently has four active work groups ADB, ARLEM, TMPL, Standard for Child and Student Data Governance (70004) and the TAG for xAPI , their activities are described here.
The IEEE Learning Technology Standards Committee (LTSC) is chartered by the IEEE Computer Society Standards Activity Board to develop internationally accredited technical standards, recommended practices, and guides for learning technology.
The IEEE LTSC follows an open and transparent, formal standards development process.
The IEEE LTSC coordinates with other organizations, both formally and informally, that produce specifications and standards for learning technologies.
The IEEE LTSC is governed by a Sponsor Executive Committee (SEC) consisting of working group chairs and elected officers.
Membership is required to view Working Group and Study Group documents and post to email lists, and to vote on draft standards and participate in ballot resolution. Individuals interested in participating are encouraged to contact the relevant Working Group and Study Group chairs and explore the Working Groups and Study Groups potion Web site before becoming a member.
Standards Development Process
These four stages of standards development work in IEEE LTSC:
1.Project Initiation: Projects are initiated by existing Working Groups or by external groups who propose new standardization projects. Projects must be approved by the IEEE New Standards Committee. Please contact the LTSC Chair for more details.
Standard Development: The bulk of the work in creating a standard involves developing a draft standard that is ready for the formal IEEE approval process. This work is carried out by the individual working groups listed in the Navigation panel to the left. Work is done via email lists, teleconferences, and face-to-face meetings as needed. Any materially interested person may participate. LTSC membership is required for posting to the mailing lists and accessing working group and study group documents and IEEE Standards Association membership is required for voting. Membership is only available on an individual basis – organizations may send individual representatives but may not join as “entities.”
Note: The same process applies to “standards,” “guides” or “recommended practices.” The difference among these three work products lies only in the degree to which they are normative (standards), informative (recommended practices) or suggestive of alternatives (guides).
2. Standards Approval: When a Working Group decides it is ready (and the LTSC Sponsor Executive Committee approves), a draft standard is put into the formal IEEE Sponsor Ballot process. This is managed by and requires membership in the IEEE
3.Standards Association, which in turn requires membership in either the IEEE Computer Society, the IEEE or both. Please see the membership page for more details.
4.Standards Maintenance: Maintaining a standard is the responsibility of the Working Group that produced it. Please contact the appropriate Working Group chair if you would like to comment on an existing standard.
Balloting and Joining a Ballot Group
The Basics of Balloting
The IEEE-SA Sponsor Ballot process is a formal process in which a ballot group votes on and makes comments on a draft standard. Each member of the ballot group can approve, disapprove or abstain and can make comments. “No” votes must be accompanied by comments indicating the reasons for the no vote and making concrete suggestions for changes that would satisfactorily address the issues. For a vote to be valid, 75% of the ballot group must respond. For a vote to be considered successful, 75% of those responding must approve.
After the ballot, a ballot resolution committee considers the comments and resolves them by making suggested changes, making other changes, or not making changes and stating why no changes were made. Following ballot resolution, one or more recirculation ballots may be held during which members of the balloting group have the opportunity to change their votes and to make further comments with the important restriction that only comments and changes made during the ballot process may be taken into consideration.
The Ballot Group
Ballot groups are formed by the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) with guidance from Working Group chairs. There are rules concerning the balance of interests on ballot groups. Members of ballot groups must either be members of the IEEE-SA (the usual case), individuals who have paid a fee to ballot a specific standard (more expensive than joining the IEEE-SA) or invited experts (whose presence must be justified). Once the Ballot Group is formed and balloting commences, the ballot group is closed. This means that you must join the ballot group prior to the official opening of a ballot. Note that if you do join a ballot group, you should be prepared to participate. The process depends on ballot group members reading, commenting on and voting on the standard.
Joining a Ballot Group
When you sign up for IEEE-SA membership (for more details on joining IEEE-SA, see Join LTSC) you will have a chance to check boxes for those standards committees for which you would like to receive balloting invitations. If you check the Learning Technology box, you will automatically receive invitations each time the IEEE LTSC initiates a ballot process.
Once you’re a member of IEEE-SA, go to IEEE’s myProjects site.
If you join the IEEE-SA after a ballot process has been initiated (but before the actual balloting has started), you must contact the working group chair that you wish to join the ballot group.
- Standards Resources(IEEE Standards Association)
- Balloting the Draft(IEEE Standards Association)
- IEEE Standards Procedure Resources and Video Links
Links to liaisons and related organizations.
IEEE LTSC has the following parent organizations:
- IEEE Computer Societyand more specifically IEEE Computer Society Standards Activity Board
- IEEE Standards Association
- IEEE Presidents’ Change the World
IEEE LTSC has formal and informal collaborations with:
- Advanced Distributed Learning initiative
- ARIADNE Foundation
- Aviation Industry CBT Committee
- Center for Learning Technology Interoperability Standards
- CEN/ISSS Learning Technology Workshop(Liaison)
- Dublin Core Metadata Initiative
- Education Network Australia
- IMS Global Learning Consortium(Liason)
- ISO/IEC JTC1 SC29 – Moving Pictures Expert Group (MPEG)(Category C Liaison)
- ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 – Standards for Learning, Education and Training(Category A Liaison)
- The Learning Technology Standards Observatory
Published standards include:
1484.1-2003 IEEE Standard for Learning Technology-Learning Technology Systems Architecture (LTSA)
1484.11.1-2004 IEEE Standard for Learning Technology-Data Model for Content to Learning Management System Communication
1484.11.2-2003 IEEE Standard for Learning Technology-ECMAScript Application Programming Interface for Content to Runtime Services Communication
1484.11.3-2005 IEEE Standard for Learning Technology-Extensible Markup Language (XML) Schema Binding for Data Model for Content Object Communication
1484.12.1-2002 IEEE Standard for Learning Object Metadata
1484.12.3 IEEE Standard for Learning Technology-Extensible Markup Language (XML) Schema Definition Language Binding for Learning Object Metadata
1484.20.1 IEEE Standard for Learning Technology – Data Model for Reusable Competency Definitions
These standards are available for purchase from the IEEE.