IEEE Std 1547-2018 (Revision of IEEE Std 1547-2003)
IEEE Standard for Interconnection and Interoperability of Distributed Energy Resources with Associated Electric Power Systems Interfaces
This standard provides interconnection and interoperability technical and test specifications and requirements for distributed energy resources (DERs). Additionally, several annexes are included in this standard that provide additional material for informative purposes, but are not required to be used in conjunction with this standard.
This standard establishes criteria and requirements for interconnection of distributed energy resources with electric power systems (EPSs) and associated interfaces. The stated technical specifications and requirements are universally needed for interconnection and interoperability of distributed energy resources (DERs) and will be sufficient for most installations. The specified performance requirements apply at the time of interconnection and as long as the DER remains in service.
This document provides a uniform standard for the interconnection and interoperability of distributed energy resources with electric power systems. It provides requirements relevant to the interconnection and interoperability performance, operation and testing, and, to safety, maintenance and security considerations.
David J. Narang, Chair
Thomas (Tom) Basso, Past Chair
John Berdner, Jens C. Boemer, Babak Enayati, Bob Fox, Mark Siira, Vice Chairs
Charles K. Vartanian, Secretary
IEEE Standards Association landing page: https://standards.ieee.org/findstds/standard/1547-2018.html
An errata (published in June 2018) is available that corrects a sign error in the frequency-droop (frequency-power) formula in table 23 in section 18.104.22.168.2 (Frequency-droop (frequency-power) operation): http://standards.ieee.org/findstds/errata/1547-2018_errata.pdf
Standards Online subscribers can access this standard in IEEE Xplore Digital Library: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/login.jsp?url=%2FXplore%2Fhome.jsp
A copy of the IEEE Std 1547-2018 may be purchased from the IEEE Standards Store at this link: http://www.techstreet.com/ieee/products/vendor_id/5915
Participants of SCC21-approved tutorials on IEEE Std 1547-2018 and qualifying parties (e.g., government bodies and state regulatory authorities) may obtain a discounted copy of the standard by following these guidelines: http://site.ieee.org/sagroups-scc21/standards/discountedcopies/
Information on the 2020 Amendment to IEEE Std 1547-2018 to provide more flexibility for adoption of abnormal operating performance Category III is available at: https://site.ieee.org/sagroups-scc21/standards/amendment-to-ieee-std-1547-2018-to-provide-more-flexibility-for-adoption-of-abnormal-operating-performance-category-iii/
NARUC Resolution on IEEE Standard 1547™-2018
On February 12, 2020, the Board of Directors of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) unanimously approved a resolution offered by Commissioner Schuerger (MN) recommending state commissions adopt and implement the newly revised distributed energy resource interconnection standard (IEEE 1547-2018.) The resolution also unanimously passed two NARUC committees: Electricity and Energy Resources and the Environment.
The resolution grants flexibility for state commissions recognizing the unique procedures, priorities and needs for each state; while recognizing the best practices identified by technical experts and IEEE 1547-2018 for convening a stakeholder process, utilizing existing research and experience to make evidence-based decisions and aligning the implementation of the standard with the availability of certified equipment.
A copy of the final resolution is available at: https://pubs.naruc.org/pub/4C436369-155D-0A36-314F-8B6C4DE0F7C7
Timeline for Rollout of IEEE Std 1547™-2018 Compliant DER
UL convened a Task Group (TG) in January 2020 comprised of representatives from National Labs, Electric Utilities, Inverter Manufacturers, General Interest, and Nationally Recognized Testing Labs (NRTLs) to discuss and revise the existing UL 1741 Ed. 2, an UL certification standard for smart inverters, in order to align it with the new IEEE 1547-2018 and IEEE 1547.1-2020 standards requirements and test procedures for distributed energy resources. The UL 1741 Ed. 2 revision is anticipated to be published coincidentally with the publication of IEEE 1547.1-2020 and the IEEE 1547-2018 Amendment in the 2nd quarter of 2020. The anticipated revisions of UL 1741 Ed. 2 are as follows:
- The existing Supplemental SA will remain within UL 1741 for the time being.
- A new Supplement SB will be added that directly refers to the IEEE 1547.1-2020 test procedures.
- For inverters capable of meeting requirements of existing codes like CA Rule 21 and HI Rule 14H, an optionality to either certify via Supplement SA or Supplement SB will be allowed, until the reference to UL 1741 Supplement SA in these existing codes has been revised.
- For inverters capable of meeting requirements of the new IEEE 1547-2018, certification via Supplement SB will be required.
The revisions of UL 1741 Ed. 2 will enter effect immediately at their publication and inverter manufacturers will chose which Supplement to certify their equipment to as they deem appropriate and as the market requires.
The UL TG anticipates that inverter manufacturers must make some substantial changes, at least to firmware but possibly also to hardware, to meet all of the IEEE 1547-2018 requirements (e.g., phase jump and ROCOF ride-through). Therefore, it is expected that new products to market are not generally available until at least 18 months after publication of IEEE 1547.1 and the UL 1741-2020 revision. This means that effective dates for IEEE 1547-2018 of sooner than January 1, 2022, could create a technical barrier for non-certified inverters to interconnect to the grid. Once available, certified products will be listed on NRTLs’ websites. The below timeline summarizes the above information.
Minnesota PUC has decided under MN PUC, ORDER 159427-01, Docket E-999/CI-16-521 to monitor the progress made to bring IEEE 1547-2018 certified inverters to market and to issue a “Commission Notice” to determine the effective date at which their Technical Interconnection and Interoperability Requirements (TIIR) enter in full effect. Maryland PUC has set under RM68 an effective date of January 1, 2022, from which on IEEE 1547-2018 certified inverters will be required.
SCC21-Reviewed Slide Decks Available for Interested Lecturers
As part of our SCC21 outreach for IEEE Std 1547-2018, SCC21 is happy to provide interested lecturers with pre-reviewed slide decks for presentations on the new IEEE 1547 under the condition of mutual collaboration. That will save presenters time, maintain consistency in the presentations, and enable continuous improvement of the new standard. Presenters that use SCC21-reviewed slides agree to conform to the SCC21-approved outreach procedures for standards presentations available at this link: http://site.ieee.org/sagroups-scc21/resources/standardspresentations/
Education and Training Resources
All resources represent the authors’ views and are not the formal position, explanation or position of the IEEE, IEEE Standards Association, IEEE Standard Coordination Committee 21, or any of the SCC21 Officer’s affiliations. Resources tagged with “SCC21-Reviewed” have been peer-reviewed by SCC21 and/or IEEE P1547 Officers.
NREL IEEE 1547-2018 Resources – This site features educational materials on the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standard 1547™-2018 (IEEE Std 1547-2018) for interconnection and interoperability of distributed energy resources. The educational materials are for utilities, states, solar developers, transmission operators, regulators, policymakers, and other stakeholders. https://www.nrel.gov/grid/ieee-standard-1547/
Forum on Inverter Grid Integration Issues (FIGII) (2019): Guide to Selecting Inverters and Settings in Jurisdictions Without Grid Support Functionality Requirements. A Guide to Selecting Inverters and Settings in Jurisdictions Without Grid Support Functionality Requirements is a new document created by the FIGII consortium in April 2019. It is intended to help inform utilities choosing to provide specific requirements to ensure inverters are correctly selected and commissioned. These requirements might exist in utility technical interconnection requirements, technical manuals, interconnection handbooks or addenda. The intended reader is likely a utility engineer tasked with creating or updating such requirements, in light of expanded inverter capabilities now available on the market. Available online at: https://irecusa.org/2019/06/national-forum-on-inverter-grid-integration/
NRECA (2019): Guide to IEEE 1547-2018 Standard for DER Interconnections. National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA). Available online at https://www.cooperative.com/topics/transmission-distribution/Pages/NRECA-Guide-to-IEEE-1547-2018-Standard-for-DER-Interconnections.aspx .
IREC (2019): Making the Grid Smarter. Primer on Adopting the New IEEE 1547-2018 Standard for Distributed Energy Resources. Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Available online at https://irecusa.org/publications/making-the-grid-smarter-state-primer-on-adopting-the-new-ieee-standard-1547-2018-for-distributed-energy-resources/ .
EPRI (2018): IEEE Standard 1547™ – Power Quality Considerations for Distributed Energy Resources. White Paper. 3002010282. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Palo Alto, CA. Available online at https://www.epri.com/#/pages/product/000000003002010282/.
NRECA (2018): The National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) published four articles in January 2018 that focus on the IEEE 1547’s impact on the electric grid and electric cooperatives: https://www.cooperative.com/topics/operations/pages/ieee-standard-1547.aspx
EPRI (2017): IEEE 1547 – New Interconnection Requirements for Distributed Energy Resources. Fact Sheet. 3002011346. 2nd revision. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Palo Alto, CA. Available online at https://www.epri.com/#/pages/product/000000003002011346/.
EPRI (2017): IEEE Standard 1547™ – Communications and Interoperability. New Requirements Mandate Open Communications Interface and Interoperability for Distributed Energy Resources. 3002011591. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Palo Alto, CA. Available online at https://www.epri.com/#/pages/product/000000003002011591/.
EPRI (2015): Recommended Settings for Voltage and Frequency Ride-Through of Distributed Energy Resources. Minimum and Advanced Requirements and Settings for the Performance of Distributed Energy Resources During and After System Disturbances to Support Bulk Power System Reliability and Their Respective Technical Implications on Industry Stakeholders. 3002006203. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Palo Alto, CA. Available online at http://www.epri.com/abstracts/Pages/ProductAbstract.aspx?ProductId=000000003002006203.
2018 WIRAB Webinar: Implementation of IEEE 1547 Standard – Interconnection of DERs and Utility Electric Power Systems. August 21, 2018. Available online at https://westernenergyboard.org/2018/06/wirab-webinar-road-map-to-unplug-benefits-of-advanced-der-capability-functions/
2018 EPRI Webinar: Overview on IEEE Std 1547-2018. Available online at 3002014545
2018 EPRI Webinar: DER Ride-through Performance Categories and Trip Settings 3002014546
2018 EPRI Webinar: T+D Coordination for DER Ride-Through and Trip Requirements 3002014547
ISO/RTO Transmission & Distribution Coordination
NERC (2019): Bulk Power System Reliability Perspectives on the Adoption of IEEE 1547-2018. Reliability Guideline. Draft. Available online at https://www.nerc.com/comm/PC_Reliability_Guidelines_DL/Reliability_Guideline_IEEE_1547-2018_BPS_Perspectives.pdf .
MISO´s IEEE 1547 – Distribution Interconnection Coordination: https://www.misoenergy.org/planning/generator-interconnection/ieee-1547/
PJM´s DER Ride Through Task Force: https://pjm.com/committees-and-groups/closed-groups/derrttf.aspx