IEEE Guide for Design, Operation, and Maintenance of Battery Energy Storage Systems, both Stationary and Mobile, and Applications Integrated with Electric Power Systems


Application of this standard includes: (1) Stationary battery energy storage system (BESS) and mobile BESS; (2) Carrier of BESS, including but not limited to lead acid battery, lithiumion battery, flow battery, and sodium-sulfur battery; (3) BESS used in electric power systems (EPS). Also provided in this standard are alternatives for connection (including DR interconnection), design, operation, and maintenance of stationary or mobile BESS used in EPS. Introduction, overview, and engineering issues related to the BESS are given.


This document provides alternative approaches and practices for design, operation, maintenance, integration and interoperability, including distributed resources interconnection, of stationary or mobile battery energy storage systems (BESS) with the electric power system(s) (EPS) at customer facilities, at electricity distribution facilities or at bulk transmission electricity facilities. This document addresses BESS and applications conformance to the requirements of IEEE 1547 series for distributed resources (DR) interconnection, implementing IEEE 2030 smart grid interoperability reference model (SGIRM) guidance, and builds upon the IEEE 1547, IEEE 2030, and relevant IEEE photovoltaic standards as well as the IEEE standards for batteries.


This standard is intended to be used by BESS designers, operators, system integrators, and equipment manufacturers. It provides an introduction of engineering concerns of BESS, identifies key technical parameters, engineering approaches and application practices requirements of BESS, and its operation and maintenance (O&M). It addresses not only electric power concerns but also the directly related communications and information technology concerns for BESS and applications integrated with electric power systems. Implementation of this guide will assist in the standardization of BESS applications.

Leadership Team

Xiaolin Li, Chair


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Standards Online subscribers can access this standard in IEEE Xplore Digital Library: https://standards.ieee.org/standard/2030_2_1-2019.html

A copy of the IEEE Std 2030-2011 may be purchased from the IEEE Standards Store at this link:  https://www.techstreet.com/standards/ieee-2030-2-1-2019?product_id=1996649